CHICAGO, Feb. 9, 2018 /PRNewswire/ -- Cboe Global Markets, Inc. (Cboe: CBOE | Nasdaq: CBOE) today reported financial results for the fourth quarter and full year of 2017.

Consolidated results for the fourth quarter and full year of 2017 include Bats Global Markets, Inc. (Bats), which was acquired by the company on February 28, 2017.

"2017 was a transformational year for Cboe Global Markets.  We made great strides in our integration with Bats Global Markets, while continuing to deliver value to our customers as well as our shareholders," said Edward T. Tilly, Cboe Global Markets Chairman and Chief Executive Officer. "We delivered on our key strategic initiatives and achieved record trading in our highest-margin proprietary products, including VIX futures and options and SPX options, while continuing to launch new innovative products such as Cboe Bitcoin Futures.  Looking ahead, I believe our strong financial position, proprietary products, diversified revenue mix and expanded global base will allow us to continue to grow our business and create shareholder value."

"The fourth quarter marked a strong finish to 2017 on several financial measures, including 8 percent organic growth, EBITDA margin expansion and year-one acquisition-related synergies that exceeded our target," said Brian Schell, Cboe Global Markets Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer. "In 2017, our strong cash flow generation allowed us to pay down $400 million of our term loan while continuing to invest in our business and increase our dividend to shareholders.  We expect the new tax law changes to favorably impact our future cash flows and plan to maintain a balanced approach to capital deployment, with a focus on increasing long-term shareholder value."

(1)A full reconciliation of our non-GAAP results to our GAAP results is included in the attached tables. See "Non-GAAP Information" in the accompanying financial tables.
(2)Organic net revenue excludes the net revenue contribution resulting from the acquisition of Bats to arrive at net revenue for legacy Cboe. See "Non-GAAP Information" in the accompanying financial tables.

Consolidated Fourth Quarter Results -Table 1

Table 1 below presents summary selected unaudited condensed consolidated financial information for the company as reported, on an adjusted basis and on an adjusted combined basis for the three months ended December 31, 2017 and 2016. The adjusted combined results reflect the Bats acquisition and related financing transactions as if they had occurred on January 1, 2016.






















Table 1

















4Q16



Consolidated Fourth Quarter Results












4Q17


Adjusted 



($ in millions except per share)


4Q17


4Q16

Change


Adjusted1


Combined1

Change

Total Revenues Less Cost of Revenues


$

265.6



$

143.0


86

%


$

265.6



$

248.6


7

%

Total Operating Expenses


$

156.9



$

68.1


130

%


$

105.0



$

104.6


0

%

Operating Income


$

108.7



$

74.9


45

%


$

160.6



$

144.0


12

%

Operating Margin %  



40.9

%



52.4

%

(1,150)

bps



60.5

%



57.9

%

260

bps

Net Income Allocated to Common Stockholders


$

254.6



$

44.7


470

%


$

97.7



$

86.5


13

%

Diluted EPS


$

2.26



$

0.55


311

%


$

0.87



$

0.78


12

%

EBITDA


$

167.9



$

90.0


87

%


$

176.8



$

163.4


8

%

EBITDA Margin %  



63.2

%



62.9

%

30

bps



66.6

%



65.7

%

90

bps

 

  • Total revenues less cost of revenues (referred to as "net revenue"), were $265.6 million, up 86 percent from $143.0 million in the prior year period, driven primarily by a $111.5 million net revenue contribution from legacy Bats for the fourth quarter of 2017 and an increase in net transaction fees.
  • Net revenue of $265.6 million was up $17.0 million, or 7 percent, compared with adjusted combined net revenue1 of $248.6 million in the prior-year period. The increase primarily reflects higher revenue from net transaction fees1, market data fees and exchange services and other fees. For the fourth quarter of 2017, transaction fees were $431.3 million. Net transaction fees of $178.01 million increased $17.5 million from the fourth quarter of 2016, primarily due to higher net transaction fees in futures and index options, offset somewhat by lower net transaction fees from U.S. Equities.
  • Excluding legacy Bats' net revenue contribution, the company's organic net revenue2 was $154.1 million, up $11.1 million or 8 percent, compared to fourth quarter 2016. The increase is primarily attributable to stronger trading volume and higher revenue contributed from VIX® futures and proprietary index options.
  • Operating expenses were $156.9 million versus $68.1 million in the prior year quarter. The increase primarily resulted from $43.0 million in amortization of acquired intangible assets and incremental operating expenses of $44.6 million related to Bats for the fourth quarter of 2017.
  • Adjusted operating expenses1 for the fourth quarter were $105.0 million compared with adjusted combined operating expenses of $104.6 million for the fourth quarter of 2016. The slight increase was primarily driven by higher compensation and benefits expense.
  • The operating margin for the fourth quarter was 40.9 percent. The adjusted combined operating margin1 increased to 60.5 percent from 57.9 percent in the fourth quarter of 2016, reflecting increased leverage gained from a higher revenue base.
  • The effective tax rate for the fourth quarter was a tax benefit of 147 percent, which includes the impact of a one-time benefit of $191.5 million from the re-measurement of the company's deferred tax positions using the lower corporate tax rate resulting from the U.S. corporate tax reform legislation passed during the fourth quarter of 2017. Excluding the impact of tax reform and other non-GAAP adjustments, the adjusted tax rate¹ was 37.0 percent in the fourth quarter of 2017.
  • Diluted EPS for the fourth quarter of 2017 was $2.26. Adjusted combined diluted EPS1 was $0.87, up 12 percent compared to $0.78 for 2016's fourth quarter.

 (1)A full reconciliation of our non-GAAP and adjusted combined results to our GAAP results is included in the attached tables. See "Non-GAAP Information" in the accompanying financial tables.
(2)Organic net revenue excludes the net revenue contribution resulting from the acquisition of Bats to arrive at net revenue for legacy Cboe. See "Non-GAAP Information" in the accompanying financial tables.

Business Segment Information:



















Table 2

Total Revenues Less Cost of Revenues by


















Business Segment












4Q16




(in millions)


4Q17


4Q16

Change


Combined

Change

Options1


$

130.0


$

115.9



12

%


$

126.8



3

%

U.S. Equities



69.0








68.4



1

%

Futures



35.6



27.1



31

%



27.1



31

%

European Equities



18.8








16.1



17

%

Global FX



12.0








10.2



18

%

Corporate



0.2











Total


$

265.6


$

143.0



86

%


$

248.6



7

%

Discussion of Results by Business Segment Based on 4Q17 Financial Results and 4Q16 Combined Financials:

Options:

  • Options net revenue of $130.0 million was up $3.2 million or 3 percent, reflecting increases in net transaction fees, offset somewhat by higher royalty fees and lower regulatory fees.
  • Net transaction fees for options increased $10.2 million or 11 percent, primarily driven by higher net transaction fees from index options. Total options average daily volume (ADV) increased 9 percent and the average revenue per contract (RPC) increased 2 percent for the fourth quarter, primarily due to a shift in the mix of trading volume towards higher RPC index options.
  • Net transaction fees generated by Cboe's proprietary index options accounted for 83 percent of options net transaction fees and were up $10.3 million or 13 percent versus the fourth quarter of 2016 combined. The increase resulted from an 18 percent increase in index options ADV, driven by increases of 24 percent and 18 percent in VIX and SPX options, respectively, offset somewhat by a 4 percent decrease in the RPC for index options to $0.682 from $0.712 in last year's fourth quarter.
  • The company's total options market share was 40.5 percent for the fourth quarter of 2017 compared with combined market share of 40.0 percent in the fourth quarter of 2016.

(1)A full reconciliation of our non-GAAP and combined results to our GAAP results is included in the attached tables. See "Non-GAAP Information" in the accompanying financial tables.

U.S. Equities:

  • U.S. Equities net revenue of $69.0 million was up $0.6 million or 1 percent, reflecting lower net transaction fees offset by an increase in non-transaction fees.
  • Net transaction fees for U.S. Equities of $17.4 million decreased by $2.3 million or 12 percent, reflecting weaker market conditions and tougher comparisons against last year's fourth quarter. The decrease in net transaction fees resulted from a 10 percent decline in market volumes and a 1.5 percentage point decline in market share, with net capture up 5 percent to $0.022 per 100 touched shares.
  • Cboe's U.S. Equities business maintained its position as the second-largest market operator during the fourth quarter of 2017, with market share of 18.5 percent.
  • Cboe's U.S. Equities business, the second-largest U.S. market operator for ETF trading, executed 21.7 percent of all ETF volume during the fourth quarter of 2017 and won 23.6 percent of all new ETF listings during the quarter.

Futures:

  • Futures net revenue of $35.6 million increased $8.5 million or 31 percent, primarily due to higher transaction fees resulting from a 21 percent increase in VIX futures ADV and a 7 percent increase in RPC. The RPC rose to $1.799 in the fourth quarter of 2017 compared with $1.683 in the fourth quarter of 2016, primarily due to pricing changes implemented in January 2017.
  • In 2017, trading volume in VIX futures set a new record for the 13th consecutive year with ADV of 294,000 contracts, up 23 percent compared with 2016.

European Equities:

  • Net revenue for European Equities increased 17 percent, reflecting growth in both net transaction fees and non-transaction revenue. In local currency, net revenue grew 10 percent.
  • For the fourth quarter of 2017, Cboe Europe Equities retained its position as the largest Pan-European stock exchange with 20.3 percent market share.
  • In 2017, Cboe Europe delivered solutions for a post-MiFID II landscape, including Cboe LIS, a block trading platform, periodic auctions book and buy-side trade reporting.

Global FX:

  • Global FX net revenue of $12.0 million rose 18 percent from $10.2 million, primarily due to higher net transaction fees compared with the fourth quarter of 2016. Average daily notional value (ADNV) traded on the Cboe FX platform was $32.4 billion for the quarter, up 21 percent from last year's fourth quarter, driven by record quarterly volume on its London matching engine.
  • Cboe FX market share increased to 14.9 percent for the fourth quarter and 13.4 percent for the year, setting new all-time highs.

2018 Fiscal Year Financial Guidance

The company provided the following guidance for the 2018 fiscal year:

  • Adjusted operating expenses are expected to be in a range of $420 million to $428 million, representing a projected increase of 1 to 3 percent compared to combined adjusted operating expenses of $415.3 million for 2017. The guidance excludes the amortization of acquired intangible assets of $157 million, which the company plans to include in its non-GAAP reconciliation.¹
  • Depreciation and amortization expense, which is included in adjusted operating expenses above, is expected to be in the range of $53 million to $58 million, excluding the amortization of acquired intangible assets of $157 million.
  • The effective tax rate¹ on adjusted earnings for the year is expected to be in the range of 26.5 percent to 28.5 percent. The tax rate guidance incorporates the impact of the U.S. corporate tax reform enacted in December of 2017. Significant changes in trading volume, expenses, federal, state and local tax laws or rates and other items could materially impact this expectation.
  • Capital expenditures are projected to be in the range of $50 million to $55 million, which include the company's ongoing investments in technology, including Cboe's migration to Bats technology.

(1)Specific quantifications of the amounts that would be required to reconcile the company's adjusted operating expenses guidance and adjusted effective tax rate guidance are not available. The company believes that there is uncertainty and unpredictability with respect to certain of its GAAP measures, primarily related to acquisition-related expenses that would be required to reconcile to GAAP operating expenses and GAAP effective tax rate, which preclude the company from providing accurate guidance on certain forward-looking GAAP to non-GAAP reconciliations. The company believes that providing estimates of the amounts that would be required to reconcile the range of the company's adjusted operating expenses and adjusted effective tax rate would imply a degree of precision that would be confusing or misleading to investors for the reasons identified above.

Capital Management

The company paid cash dividends of $30.6 million, or $0.27 per share, during the fourth quarter of 2017.

At December 31, 2017, the company had net cash and financial investments of $120.2 million, which excludes $70.5 million of cash collected for Section 31 fees.  Long-term debt as of December 31, 2017 was $1.2 billion and reflects a payment of $75 million made during the fourth quarter towards the company's term loan.

Earnings Conference Call

Executives of Cboe Global Markets will host a conference call to review its fourth-quarter financial results today, February 9, 2018, at 8:30 a.m. ET/7:30 a.m. CT. The conference call and any accompanying slides will be publicly available via live webcast from the Investor Relations section of the company's website at www.cboe.com under Events & Presentations. Participants may also listen via telephone by dialing (877) 255‑4313 from the United States, (866) 450‑4696 from Canada or (412) 317‑5466 for international callers. Telephone participants should place calls 10 minutes prior to the start of the call. The webcast will be archived on the company's website for replay. A telephone replay of the earnings call also will be available from approximately 11:00 a.m. CT, February 9, 2018, through 11:00 p.m. CT, February 16, 2018, by calling (877) 344‑7529 from the U.S., (855) 669‑9658 from Canada or (412) 317‑0088 for international callers, using replay code 10115071.

About Cboe Global Markets

Cboe Global Markets, Inc. (Cboe: CBOE | Nasdaq: CBOE) is one of the world's largest exchange holding companies, offering cutting-edge trading and investment solutions to investors around the world. The company is committed to relentless innovation, connecting global markets with world-class technology, and providing seamless solutions that enhance the customer experience.

Cboe offers trading across a diverse range of products in multiple asset classes and geographies, including options, futures, U.S. and European equities, exchange-traded products (ETPs), global foreign exchange (FX) and multi-asset volatility products based on the Cboe Volatility Index (VIX Index), the world's barometer for equity market volatility.

Cboe's trading venues include the largest options exchange in the U.S. and the largest stock exchange by value traded in Europe. In addition, the company is the second-largest stock exchange operator in the U.S. and a leading market globally for ETP trading.

The company is headquartered in Chicago with offices in Kansas City, New York, London, San Francisco, Singapore, Hong Kong and Ecuador. For more information, visit www.cboe.com.

Cautionary Statements Regarding Forward-Looking Information

This press release contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 that involve a number of risks and uncertainties. You can identify these statements by forward-looking words such as "may," "might," "should," "expect," "plan," "anticipate," "believe," "estimate," "predict," "potential" or "continue," and the negative of these terms and other comparable terminology. All statements that reflect our expectations, assumptions or projections about the future other than statements of historical fact are forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements, which are subject to known and unknown risks, uncertainties and assumptions about us, may include projections of our future financial performance based on our growth strategies and anticipated trends in our business. These statements are only predictions based on our current expectations and projections about future events. There are important factors that could cause our actual results, level of activity, performance or achievements to differ materially from those expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements.

We operate in a very competitive and rapidly changing environment. New risks and uncertainties emerge from time to time, and it is not possible to predict all risks and uncertainties, nor can we assess the impact of all factors on our business or the extent to which any factor, or combination of factors, may cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statements.

Some factors that could cause actual results to differ include: the loss of our right to exclusively list and trade certain index options and futures products; economic, political and market conditions; compliance with legal and regulatory obligations; price competition and consolidation in our industry; decreases in trading volumes, market data fees or a shift in the mix of products traded on our exchanges; legislative or regulatory changes; increasing competition by foreign and domestic entities; our dependence on and exposure to risk from third parties; our index providers' ability to maintain the quality and integrity of their indexes and to perform under our agreements; our ability to operate our business without violating the intellectual property rights of others and the costs associated with protecting our intellectual property rights; our ability to attract and retain skilled management and other personnel, including those experienced with post-acquisition integration; our ability to accommodate trading volume and transaction traffic, including significant increases, without failure or degradation of performance of our systems; our ability to protect our systems and communication networks from security risks, including cyber-attacks and unauthorized disclosure of confidential information; challenges to our use of open source software code; our ability to meet our compliance obligations, including managing potential conflicts between our regulatory responsibilities and our for-profit status; damage to our reputation; the ability of our compliance and risk management methods to effectively monitor and manage our risks; our ability to manage our growth and strategic acquisitions or alliances effectively; unanticipated difficulties or expenditures relating to the acquisition of Bats Global Markets, Inc., including, without limitation, difficulties that result in the failure to realize expected synergies, accretion, efficiencies and cost savings from the acquisition within the expected time period (if at all), whether in connection with integration, migrating trading platforms, broadening distribution of product offerings or otherwise; restrictions imposed by our debt obligations; our ability to maintain an investment grade credit rating; potential difficulties in our migration of trading platforms and our ability to retain employees as a result of the acquisition; and the accuracy of our estimates and expectations. More detailed information about factors that may affect our actual results to differ may be found in our filings with the SEC, including in our Annual Report on Form 10‑K for the year ended December 31, 2016 and other filings made from time to time with the SEC.

We do not undertake, and we expressly disclaim, any duty to update any forward-looking statement whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required by law. Readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date hereof.

The condensed consolidated statements of income and balance sheets are unaudited and subject to reclassification.








Cboe Media Contacts:






Analyst Contact:

Suzanne Cosgrove


Hannah Randall


Stacie Fleming


Debbie Koopman

(312) 786‑7123


(646) 856‑8809


44‑20‑7012‑8950


(312) 786‑7136

cosgrove@cboe.com


hrandall@cboe.com


sfleming@cboe.com


koopman@cboe.com

CBOE-F

Trademarks:

Cboe®, Bats®, BZX®, BYX®, EDGX®, EDGA®, Cboe Volatility Index® and VIX® are registered trademarks and Cboe Global MarketsSM and SPXSM are service marks of Cboe Global Markets, Inc. and its subsidiaries. All other trademarks and service marks are the property of their respective owners.

Cboe Global Markets, Inc.

Combined Key Performance Statistics by Business Segment1





















4Q 2017


3Q 2017


2Q 2017


1Q 2017


4Q 2016


Options (ADV in thousands)

















Total industry ADV



17,347



16,182



16,676



16,558



16,195


Total company Options ADV



7,029



6,751



7,035



6,852



6,477


Multiply-listed options



4,971



4,685



5,188



4,914



4,736


Index options



2,058



2,066



1,847



1,938



1,741


Total Options Market Share



40.5

%


41.7

%


42.2

%


41.4

%


40.0

%

Total Options RPC:


$

0.239


$

0.247


$

0.225


$

0.243


$

0.234


Multiply-listed options


$

0.056


$

0.061


$

0.058


$

0.059


$

0.059


Index options


$

0.682


$

0.669


$

0.694


$

0.708


$

0.712



















U.S. Equities

















Total industry ADV (shares in billions)



6.4



6.1



6.9



6.8



7.1


Market share %  



18.5

%


19.2

%


19.2

%


19.2

%


20.0

%

Net capture (per 100 touched shares)


$

0.022


$

0.022


$

0.023


$

0.023


$

0.021



















Futures

















ADV (in thousands)



285



331



307



255



236


RPC


$

1.799


$

1.752


$

1.762


$

1.814


$

1.683



















European Equities

















Total industry ADNV (Euros - in billions)


43.8


41.1


48.6


45.5


44.6


Market share %  



20.3

%


21.1

%


21.3

%


21.5

%


21.9

%

Net capture (bps)



0.177



0.168



0.162



0.169



0.160



















Global FX

















Market share %  



14.9

%


12.9

%


12.9

%


12.9

%


11.6

%

ADNV ($ in billions)


$

32.4


$

29.0


$

27.9


$

28.8


$

26.7


Net revenue (per one million shares traded)


$

2.57


$

2.63


$

2.65


$

2.57


$

2.65



1For informational purposes, the operating statistics for these periods are presented on a combined basis to reflect information pertaining to Bats Global Markets, Inc. which was acquired by Cboe Global Markets, Inc. on February 28, 2017.


ADV = average daily volume; ADNV = average daily notional value


RPC, average revenue per contract, for options and futures represents total net transaction fees recognized for the period divided by total contracts traded during the period.


U.S. Equities, "net capture per 100 touched shares" refers to annual transaction fees less liquidity payments and routing and clearing costs divided by the product of one-hundredth ADV of touched shares on BZX, BYX, EDGX and EDGA and the number of trading days.


European Equities, "net capture per matched notional value" refers to transaction fees less liquidity payments in British pounds divided by the product of ADNV in British pounds of shares matched on Cboe Europe Equities and the number of trading days.


Global FX, "net capture per one million dollars traded" refers to net transaction fees divided by the product of one-thousandth of ADNV traded on the Cboe FX market and the number of trading days, divided by two, which represents the buyer and seller that are both charged on the transaction. Market Share represents Cboe FX volume divided by the total volume of publicly reporting spot FX venues (Cboe FX, NEX, Reuters/FXall, and FastMatch).


Average transaction fees per contract can be affected by various factors, including exchange fee rates, volume-based discounts and transaction mix by contract type and product type.

 

Cboe Global Markets, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Consolidated Statements of Income (Unaudited)

Three and Twelve Months Ended December 31, 2017 and 2016

















Three Months Ended  December 31, 


Twelve Months Ended December 31, 

(in millions, except per share amounts)


2017


2016


2017


2016

Revenue:













Transaction fees


$

431.3


$

131.0


$

1,564.9


$

509.3

Access fees



29.2



13.0



106.8



52.4

Exchange services and other fees



19.5



12.1



74.8



46.3

Market data fees



47.2



8.7



164.5



33.2

Regulatory fees



86.4



20.9



291.5



48.3

Other revenue



7.1



5.1



26.6



13.6

Total Revenues



620.7



190.8



2,229.1



703.1

Cost of Revenue













Liquidity payments



243.6



12.6



849.7



35.8

Routing and clearing



9.7



3.2



37.6



11.1

Section 31 fees



79.5



11.8



260.0



11.8

Royalty fees



22.3



20.2



86.2



78.0

Total Cost of Revenue



355.1



47.8



1,233.5



136.7














Revenues Less Cost of Revenues



265.6



143.0



995.6



566.4

Operating Expenses:













Compensation and benefits



53.2



29.3



201.4



113.2

Depreciation and amortization



55.9



10.0



192.2



44.4

Technology support services



11.2



5.5



42.1



22.5

Professional fees and outside services



17.1



12.9



66.0



53.9

Travel and promotional expenses



5.2



3.4



17.2



11.0

Facilities costs



2.6



1.5



10.3



5.7

Acquisition-related costs



9.0



4.2



84.4



12.8

Change in contingent consideration



(0.1)



-



1.0



-

Other expenses



2.8



1.3



9.1



4.7

Total Operating Expenses



156.9



68.1



623.7



268.2

Operating Income



108.7



74.9



371.9



298.2

Other Income/(Expense):













Interest expense, net



(10.4)



(5.5)



(41.3)



(5.7)

Other (expense)/ income



5.8



5.5



3.8



14.1

Total Other Income



(4.6)



-



(37.5)



8.4

Income Before Income (Benefit) Taxes



104.1



74.9



334.4



306.6

Income tax (benefit) provision



(153.0)



29.8



(66.2)



120.9

Net Income



257.1



45.1



400.6



185.7

Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests



0.3



0.3



1.1



1.1

Net Income Excluding Noncontrolling Interests



257.4



45.4



401.7



186.8

Change in redemption value of noncontrolling interests



(0.3)



(0.5)



(1.1)



(1.1)

Net income allocated to participating securities



(2.5)



(0.2)



(3.9)



(0.8)

Net Income Allocated to Common Stockholders


$

254.6


$

44.7


$

396.7


$

184.9

Net Income Per Share Allocated to Common Stockholders:













Basic earnings per share


$

2.27


$

0.55


$

3.70


$

2.27

Diluted earnings per share



2.26



0.55



3.69



2.27

Weighted average shares used in computing income per share:













Basic



112.3



81.3



107.2



81.4

Diluted



112.6



81.3



107.5



81.4

 

Cboe Global Markets, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets (Unaudited)

December 31, 2017 and 2016











December 31, 


December 31, 

(in millions)


2017


2016

Assets







Current Assets:







Cash and cash equivalents


$

143.5


$

97.3

Financial investments



47.3



Accounts receivable, net



217.3



76.7

Income taxes receivable



17.2



53.7

Other current assets



11.4



7.4

Total Current Assets



436.7



235.1








Investments



82.7



72.9

Land



4.9



4.9

Property and equipment, net



73.9



55.9

Goodwill



2,707.4



26.5

Intangible assets, net



1,902.6



8.7

Other assets, net



57.5



72.7

Total


$

5,265.7


$

476.7








Liabilities, Redeemable Noncontrolling Interests and Stockholders' Equity







Current Liabilities:







Accounts payable and accrued liabilities


$

153.8


$

82.4

Section 31 fees payable



105.6



4.4

Deferred revenue



15.4



3.1

Income taxes payable



2.6



Contingent consideration liability



56.6



Total Current Liabilities



334.0



89.9








Long-term debt



1,237.9



Income tax liability



78.8



52.1

Deferred income taxes



488.2



Other non-current liabilities



6.8



4.2

Total Liabilities



2,145.7



146.2








Redeemable Noncontrolling Interests



9.4



12.6








Stockholders' Equity:







Preferred stock





Common stock



1.2



0.9

Treasury stock at cost



(558.3)



(532.2)

Additional paid-in-capital



2,623.7



139.2

Retained earnings



993.3



710.8

Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), net



50.7



(0.8)

Total Stockholders' Equity



3,110.6



317.9








Total


$

5,265.7


$

476.7

Non-GAAP Information

In addition to disclosing results determined in accordance with GAAP, Cboe Global Markets has disclosed certain non-GAAP measures of operating performance. These measures are not in accordance with, or a substitute for, GAAP, and may be different from or inconsistent with non-GAAP financial measures used by other companies. The non-GAAP measures provided in this press release include net transaction fees, adjusted operating expenses, adjusted operating income, organic net revenue, adjusted operating margin, adjusted net income allocated to common stockholders and adjusted diluted earnings per share, adjusted tax rate, EBITDA, EBITDA margin, adjusted EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA margin. The non-GAAP measures provided in this press release also include combined company financial measures that are discussed in further detail below under the sub-section "Combined Reconciliations."

Management believes that the non-GAAP financial measures presented in this press release, including adjusted net revenue, organic net revenue and adjusted operating expenses, provide additional and comparative information to assess trends in our core operations and a means to evaluate period-to-period comparisons. Non-GAAP financial measures disclosed by management are provided as additional information to investors in order to provide them with an alternative method for assessing our financial condition and operating results.

Organic net revenue: Is a non-GAAP financial measure that excludes or has otherwise been adjusted for the impact of our acquisition of Bats. Management believes the organic net revenue growth measure provides users with supplemental information regarding the company's ongoing revenue performance and trends by presenting revenue growth excluding the impact of the Bats acquisition.

Amortization expense of acquired intangible assets: We amortize intangible assets acquired in connection with various acquisitions. Amortization of intangible assets is inconsistent in amount and frequency and is significantly affected by the timing and size of our acquisitions. As such, if intangible asset amortization is included in performance measures, it is more difficult to assess the day-to-day operating performance of the businesses, the relative operating performance of the businesses between periods and the earnings power of the company. Therefore, we believe performance measures excluding intangible asset amortization expense provide investors with an additional basis for comparison across accounting periods.

Acquisition-related expenses: From time to time, we have pursued small bolt-on acquisitions and in 2017 completed a larger transformative acquisition, which have resulted in expenses which would not otherwise have been incurred in the normal course of the company's business operations. These expenses include integration costs, as well as legal, due diligence and other third party transaction costs. The frequency and the amount of such expenses vary significantly based on the size, timing and complexity of the transaction. Accordingly, we exclude these costs for purposes of calculating non-GAAP measures which provide an additional analysis of Cboe's ongoing operating performance or comparisons in Cboe's performance between periods.

Other significant items: We have excluded certain other charges that are the result of other non-comparable events to measure operating performance. For 2017, other significant items primarily included interest and other borrowing costs incurred prior to the close of the Bats transaction and accelerated stock-based compensation that was incurred due to a change in the vesting schedule for equity award grants.

Organic Net Revenue Reconciliation

















Three Months Ended


Twelve Months Ended

Table 3


December 31, 


December 31, 

(in millions)


2017


2016


2017


2016














Reconciliation of Revenue Less Cost of Revenue to Organic Net Revenue













Revenue less cost of revenue (net revenue)


$

265.6


$

143.0


$

995.6


$

566.4

Recent acquisitions:













Bats revenue less cost of revenue



(111.5)





(378.2)



Organic net revenue


$

154.1


$

143.0


$

617.4


$

566.4

Reconciliation of GAAP and non-GAAP Information

The information below shows the reconciliation of each financial measure from GAAP to non-GAAP. The non-GAAP financial measures exclude the impact of those items detailed below and are referred to as adjusted financial measures.

















Three Months Ended


Twelve Months Ended


Table 4


December 31, 


December 31, 


(in millions, except per share amounts)


2017


2016


2017


2016


Reconciliation of Net Income Allocated to Common Stockholders to Non-GAAP (As shown on Table 1)














Net income allocated to common stockholders


$

254.6


$

44.7


$

396.7


$

184.9


Non-GAAP adjustments














Compensation and benefits (1)





0.2



9.1



1.5


Acquisition-related expenses (2)



9.0



4.2



84.4



13.5


Amortization of acquired intangible assets (3)



43.0



0.3



142.6



1.2


Assessment of computer-based lease taxes for prior period use









0.3


Change in contingent consideration



(0.1)





1.0




Debt issuance costs







5.2




Provision for uncollectable convertible notes receivable







3.8




Change in redemption value of noncontrolling interests



0.3



0.5



1.1



1.1


Interest and other borrowing costs (4)





5.5





5.7


Less: Legal settlement (5)









(5.5)


Less: Gain on settlement of contingent consideration









(1.4)


Total Non-GAAP adjustments



52.2



10.7



247.2



16.4


Income tax expense related to the items above



(19.2)



(3.9)



(92.3)



(5.7)


Re-measurement of deferred tax assets and liabilities as a result of corporate rate increase in Illinois







7.4




Effect of tax reform law



(191.5)





(191.5)




Uncertain tax position related to research and development credits









1.7


Net income allocated to participating securities - effect on reconciling items



1.6





0.5




Adjusted net income allocated to common stockholders


$

97.7


$

51.5


$

368.0


$

197.3
















Reconciliation of Diluted EPS to Non-GAAP














Diluted earnings per common share


$

2.26


$

0.55


$

3.69


$

2.27


Per share impact of non-GAAP adjustments noted above



(1.39)



0.08



(0.27)



0.15


Adjusted diluted earnings per common share


$

0.87


$

0.63


$

3.42


$

2.42
















Reconciliation of Operating Margin to Non-GAAP














Revenue less cost of revenue


$

265.6


$

143.0


$

995.6


$

566.4


Non-GAAP adjustments noted above










Adjusted revenue less cost of revenue


$

265.6


$

143.0


$

995.6


$

566.4


Operating expenses


$

156.9


$

68.1


$

623.7


$

268.2


Non-GAAP adjustments noted above



51.9



4.7



237.1



16.5


Adjusted operating expenses


$

105.0


$

63.4


$

386.6


$

251.7


Operating income


$

108.7


$

74.9


$

371.9


$

298.2


Non-GAAP adjustments noted above



51.9



4.7



237.1



16.5


Adjusted operating income


$

160.6


$

79.6


$

609.0


$

314.7


Adjusted operating margin (6)



60.5

%


55.7

%


61.2

%


55.6

%















Reconciliation of Income Tax Rate to Non-GAAP














Income before income taxes



104.1



74.9



334.4



306.6


Non-GAAP adjustments noted above



52.2



10.7



247.2



16.4


Adjusted income before income taxes


$

156.3


$

85.6


$

581.6


$

323.0
















Income tax (benefit) expense



(153.0)



29.8



(66.2)



120.9


Non-GAAP adjustments noted above



210.7



3.9



276.4



4.0


Adjusted income tax (benefit) expense


$

57.7


$

33.7


$

210.2


$

124.9


Adjusted income tax rate



37.0

%


39.4

%


36.3

%


38.7

%


(1) For the fourth quarter of 2016, this amount includes $0.2 million for accelerated stock-based compensation expenses. For the year ended December 31, 2017, this amount includes $9.1 million for accelerated stock-based compensation expense. For the year ended December 31, 2016, this amount includes $0.9 million for accelerated stock-based compensation expenses and $0.6 million in additional bonus accrual resulting from legal settlement income.


(2) This amount includes professional fees and outside services, severance, and other costs related to the company's acquisition of Bats.


(3) This amount represents the amortization of acquired intangible assets for Bats.


(4) This amount represents interest and other borrowing costs incurred prior to the close of the Bats acquisition.


(5) Settlement received for attorney fees and expenses relating to a litigation matter, reported in investment and other income.


(6) Adjusted operating margin represents adjusted operating income divided by adjusted revenue less cost of revenue.

EBITDA Reconciliations

EBITDA (earnings before interest, income taxes, depreciation and amortization) is a widely used non-GAAP financial measure of operating performance. EBITDA margin represents EBITDA divided by revenues less cost of revenues (net revenue). It is presented as supplemental information that the company believes is useful to investors to evaluate its results because it excludes certain items that are not directly related to the company's core operating performance. EBITDA is calculated by adding back to net income interest expense, income tax expense, depreciation and amortization. EBITDA should not be considered as substitutes either for net income, as an indicator of the company's operating performance, or for cash flow, as a measure of the company's liquidity. In addition, because EBITDA may not be calculated identically by all companies, the presentation here may not be comparable to other similarly titled measures of other companies. EBITDA margin represents EBITDA divided by net revenue.















Table 5
















Three Months Ended


Twelve Months Ended


(in millions)


December 31, 


December 31, 


Reconciliation of Net Income Allocated to Common Stockholders to EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA (Per Table 1)


2017


2016


2017


2016


Net income allocated to common stockholders


$

254.6


$

44.7


$

396.7


$

184.9


Interest



10.4



5.5



41.3



5.7


Income tax provision



(153.0)



29.8



(66.2)



120.9


Depreciation and amortization



55.9



10.0



192.2



44.4


EBITDA


$

167.9


$

90.0


$

564.0


$

355.9


EBITDA Margin¹



63.2

%


62.9

%


56.6

%


62.8

%















Non-GAAP adjustments not included in above line items














Compensation and benefits  (accelerated stock-based compensation)





0.2



9.1



1.5


Acquisition-related expenses



9.0



4.2



84.4



13.5


Provision for uncollectable convertible notes receivable







3.8




Less: Legal settlement









(5.5)


Less: Gain on settlement of contingent consideration









(1.4)


Other



(0.1)





1.0



0.3


Adjusted EBITDA


$

176.8


$

94.4


$

662.3


$

364.3


Adjusted EBITDA Margin¹



66.6

%


66.0

%


66.5

%


64.3

%
















Three Months Ended


Twelve Months Ended


(in millions)


December 31,


December 31,


Reconciliation of Combined Net Income Allocated to Common Stockholders to EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA (Per Table 1)


2017 2


2016


2017


2016


Combined revenues less cost of revenues




$

248.6


$

1,067.5


$

1,002.8















Combined net income allocated to common stockholders




$

60.3


$

267.2


$

230.8


Interest





12.1



45.4



44.1


Income tax provision





35.3



159.2



147.3


Depreciation and amortization





55.7



222.4



226.8


Combined EBITDA




$

163.4


$

694.2


$

649.0


Combined EBITDA Margin¹





65.7

%


65.0

%


64.7

%














Non-GAAP adjustments not included in above line items













Compensation and benefits  (accelerated stock-based compensation)





0.2



9.1



0.9


Acquisition-related expenses










Provision for uncollectable convertible notes receivable







3.8




Less: Legal settlement









(5.5)


Less: Gain on settlement of contingent consideration









(1.4)


Other





(0.2)



1.4



7.2


Adjusted Combined EBITDA




$

163.4


$

708.5


$

650.2


Adjusted Combined EBITDA Margin¹





65.7

%


66.4

%


64.8

%


¹EBITDA margin represents the respective EBITDA divided by the respective net revenue as shown in the non-GAAP reconciliations provided.


2Combined results for the three months ended December 31, 2017 are the same as the financial results reported as the company was operating as a combined entity for the entire quarter.

Combined Reconciliations

The non-GAAP unaudited combined financial measures have been prepared by recording combined adjustments to the historical consolidated financial statements of Cboe Global Markets. The combined financial measures for the three months ended December 31, 2016 and twelve months ended December 31, 2016 and 2017, have been prepared as if the Bats acquisition closed on January 1, 2016.

Due to the transformative nature of the Bats acquisition, the company believes that providing a discussion of its results and operations on a non-GAAP combined basis provides management and investors an additional perspective on the company's financial and operational performance and trends.

These combined financial measures are not necessarily indicative of the financial position or results of operations that would have occurred had the transactions been effected on the assumed dates. Additionally, future results may vary significantly from the results reflected in the combined financial measures.

Options Net Revenue - Three Months Ended December 31, 2016 - Table 6

















Combined

(in millions)


Cboe Historical


Bats Historical


(Per Table 2)

Total net revenue


$

115.9


$

10.9


$

126.8


Note: There are no reconciliations applicable for the other segments.

 

Transaction Net Revenue –Three Months Ended December 31, 2017 and 2016 - Table 7








Three Months Ended


December 31, 


2017


2016

Transaction fees

$

431.3


$

441.7

Liquidity payments


(243.6)



(271.3)

Routing and clearing


(9.7)



(9.9)

Net transaction fees

$

178.0


$

160.5

 

Adjusted Combined Income Statement Reconciliation - Twelve months ended December 31, 2017 - Table 8

















































(in millions, except per share amounts)


Cboe

Historical


Bats

Historical¹


Combined

Adjustments


Foot-

note



Combined


Non-GAAP

Adjustments


Foot-

note


Adjusted

Combined


Revenues


$

2,229.1


$

272.9







$

2,502.0







$

2,502.0


Cost of revenues



1,233.5



201.0








1,434.5








1,434.5


Net revenue:
























Net transaction fees


$

677.6


$

27.8







$

705.4







$

705.4


Access fees



106.8



11.9








118.7








118.7


Exchange services and other fees



74.8



5.0








79.8








79.8


Market data fees



164.5



25.7








190.2








190.2


Regulatory fees



31.5



0.5








32.0








32.0


Royalty fees



(86.2)










(86.2)








(86.2)


Other



26.6



1.0








27.6








27.6


























Revenues less cost of revenues


$

995.6


$

71.9







$

1,067.5







$

1,067.5


























Operating expenses:
























Compensation and benefits


$

201.4


$

16.1







$

217.5



(9.1)




$

208.4


Depreciation and amortization



192.2



6.7



23.5


(1)



222.4



(169.8)


(4)



52.6


Technology support services



42.1



4.0








46.1








46.1


Professional fees and outside services



66.0



27.2



(23.4)


(2)



69.8








69.8


Travel and promotional expenses



17.2



0.6








17.8








17.8


Facilities costs



10.3



0.6








10.9








10.9


Acquisition related costs



84.4





(84.4)


(2)











Change in contingent consideration



1.0



0.2








1.2



(1.2)






Other expenses



9.1



0.8








9.9



(0.2)





9.7


Total operating expenses


$

623.7


$

56.2


$

(84.3)




$

595.6


$

(180.3)




$

415.3


Operating income


$

371.9


$

15.7


$

84.3




$

471.9


$

180.3




$

652.2


Operating margin (5)



37.4

%


21.8

%







44.2

%







61.1

%

























Non-operating (expense)/income


$

(37.5)


$

(17.7)


$

13.6


(3)


$

(41.6)


$

3.8




$

(37.8)


























Income (loss) before income tax provision


$

334.4


$

(2.0)


$

97.9




$

430.3


$

184.1




$

614.4


























Income tax (benefit) provision


$

(66.2)


$

(1.8)


$

227.2




$

159.2


$

53.6




$

212.8


























Net income allocated to participating securities


$

(3.9)


$







$

(3.9)







$

(3.9)


























Net income allocated to common stockholders


$

396.7


$

(0.2)


$

(129.3)




$

267.2


$

130.5




$

397.7


Diluted EPS


$

3.52










$

2.37







$

3.57


























Total non-transaction revenue (6)


$

404.2


$

44.1







$

448.3







$

448.3


Total non-transaction revenue as a percent of revenues less cost of revenues (7)



40.6

%


61.3

%







42.0

%







42.0

%


¹Bats historical activity for 2017 reflects activity for the period beginning January 1, 2017 through February 28, 2017.


(1) Reflects adjustments to reduce Bats historical amortization of acquired intangibles by $4.5 million and increase amortization of acquired intangibles by $28.0 million.


(2) Reflects adjustments to remove acquisition costs as if the acquisition had occurred on January 1, 2016.


(3) Reflects net other income of $13.6 million resulting from Bats historical interest expense and loss of extinguishment of debt.


(4) Reflects adjustment of amortization of purchased intangibles totaling $169.8 million.


(5) Operating margin represents operating income divided by revenue less cost of revenue.


(6) Total non-transaction revenue represents the sum of access fees, exchange services and other fees, market data fees, regulatory fees (net of Section 31 fees) and other revenue.


(7) The percentage of non-transaction revenue represents total non-transaction revenue divided by revenue less cost of revenue.

 

Adjusted Combined Income Statement Reconciliation - Three months ended December 31, 2016 – Table 9

















































 

(in millions, except per share amounts)


Cboe

Historical


Bats

Historical¹


Combined

Adjustments


Foot-

note



 

Combined


Non-GAAP

Adjustments


Foot-

note


Adjusted
Combined
Per Table 1


Revenues


$

190.8


$

450.3







$

641.1







$

641.1


Cost of revenues



47.8



344.7








392.5








392.5


Net revenue:
























Net transaction fees


$

115.2


$

45.3







$

160.5







$

160.5


Access fees



13.0



16.6








29.6








29.6


Exchange services and other fees



12.1



5.8








17.9








17.9


Market data fees



8.7



35.5








44.2








44.2


Regulatory fees



9.1



0.6








9.7








9.7


Royalty fees



(20.2)










(20.2)








(20.2)


Other



5.1



1.8








6.9








6.9


























Revenues less cost of revenues


$

143.0


$

105.6







$

248.6







$

248.6


























Operating expenses:
























Compensation and benefits


$

29.3


$

23.3







$

52.6



(0.2)


(4)


$

52.4


Depreciation and amortization



10.0



10.4



35.3


(1)



55.7



(42.4)


(4)



13.3


Technology support services



5.5



5.7








11.2








11.2


Professional fees and outside services



12.9



7.1



(2.1)


(2)



17.9



(0.4)


(4)



17.5


Travel and promotional expenses



3.4



1.2








4.6








4.6


Facilities costs



1.5



1.0








2.5








2.5


Acquisition related costs



4.2





(4.2)


(2)











Change in contingent consideration





0.8








0.8



(0.8)


(4)




Other expenses



1.3



1.8








3.1








3.1


Total operating expenses


$

68.1


$

51.3


$

29.0




$

148.4


$

(43.8)




$

104.6


Operating income


$

74.9


$

54.3


$

(29.0)




$

100.2


$

43.8




$

144.0


Operating margin (5)



52.4

%


51.4

%







40.3

%







57.9

%

























Non-operating (expense)/income


$

0.6


$

(5.6)


$

1.2


(3)


$

(3.8)


$

(1.4)




$

(5.2)


























Income (loss) before income tax provision


$

75.5


$

48.7


$

(27.8)




$

96.4


$

42.4




$

138.8


























Income tax provision


$

29.8


$

16.4


$

(10.9)




$

35.3


$

16.7




$

52.0


























Net income allocated to participating securities


$

(0.8)


$







$

(0.8)


$




$

(0.8)


























Net income allocated to common stockholders


$

44.9


$

32.3


$

(16.9)




$

60.3


$

26.2




$

86.5


Diluted EPS


$

0.55


$

0.34







$

0.52







$

0.78


























Total non-transaction revenue (6)


$

48.0


$

60.3







$

108.3







$

108.3


Total non-transaction revenue as a percent of revenues less cost of revenues (7)



33.6

%


57.1

%







43.6

%







43.6

%


¹Bats historical activity for 2016 reflects activity for the period beginning October 1, 2016 through December 31, 2016.


(1) Reflects adjustments to reduce Bats historical amortization of acquired intangibles by $6.7 million and increase amortization of acquired intangibles by $42.0 million.


(2) Reflects adjustments to remove acquisition costs as if the acquisition had occurred on January 1, 2016.


(3) Reflects net other income of $1.2 million resulting from interest expense on Cboe debt less Bats historical interest expense.


(4) Reflects adjustment of amortization of purchased intangibles totaling $42.4 million.


(5) Operating margin represents operating income divided by revenue less cost of revenue.


(6) Total non-transaction revenue represents the sum of access fees, exchange services and other fees, market data fees, regulatory fees (net of Section 31 fees) and other revenue.


(7) The percentage of non-transaction revenue represents total non-transaction revenue divided by revenue less cost of revenue.

 

Adjusted Combined Income Statement Reconciliation - Twelve months ended December 31, 2016 – Table 10

















































(in millions, except per share amounts)


Cboe

Historical


Bats

Historical¹


Combined

Adjustments


Foot-

note



Combined


Non-GAAP

Adjustments


Foot-

note


Adjusted

Combined


Revenues


$

703.1


$

1,868.9







$

2,572.0







$

2,572.0


Cost of revenues



136.7



1,432.5








1,569.2








1,569.2


Net revenue:
























Net transaction fees


$

462.4


$

191.3







$

653.7







$

653.7


Access fees



52.4



66.9








119.3








119.3


Exchange services and other fees



46.3



23.3








69.6








69.6


Market data fees



33.2



145.8








179.0








179.0


Regulatory fees



36.5



2.3








38.8








38.8


Royalty fees



(78.0)










(78.0)








(78.0)


Other



13.6



6.8








20.4








20.4


























Revenues less cost of revenues


$

566.4


$

436.4







$

1,002.8







$

1,002.8


























Operating expenses:
























Compensation and benefits


$

113.2


$

92.0







$

205.2



(1.3)




$

203.9


Depreciation and amortization



44.4



41.6



140.8


(1)



226.8



(169.6)


(4)



57.2


Technology support services



22.5



23.1








45.6



(0.3)





45.3


Professional fees and outside services



53.9



30.5



(5.5)


(2)



78.9



(5.6)





73.3


Travel and promotional expenses



11.0



5.4








16.4








16.4


Facilities costs



5.7



4.2








9.9








9.9


Acquisition related costs



12.8





(12.8)


(2)











Change in contingent consideration





3.0








3.0



(3.0)






Other expenses



4.7



6.0








10.7



0.9





11.6


Total operating expenses


$

268.2


$

205.8


$

122.5




$

596.5


$

(178.9)




$

417.6


Operating income


$

298.2


$

230.6


$

(122.5)




$

406.3


$

178.9




$

585.2


Operating margin (5)



52.6

%


52.8

%







40.5

%







58.4

%

























Non-operating (expense)/income


$

8.4


$

(52.9)


$

16.5


(3)


$

(28.0)


$

(8.1)




$

(36.1)


























Income (loss) before income tax provision


$

306.6


$

177.7


$

(106.0)




$

378.9


$

170.8




$

549.7


























Income tax provision


$

120.9


$

69.7


$

(43.3)




$

147.3


$

65.4




$

212.7


























Net income allocated to participating securities


$

(0.8)


$







$

(0.8)



1.4




$

0.6


























Net income allocated to common stockholders


$

184.9


$

108.0


$

(62.7)




$

230.2


$

106.8




$

337.6


Diluted EPS


$

1.05


$

0.63







$

2.06



0.46




$

3.00


























Total non-transaction revenue (6)


$

182.0


$

245.1







$

427.1







$

427.1


Total non-transaction revenue as a percent of revenues less cost of revenues (7)



32.1

%


56.2

%







42.6

%







42.6

%


¹Bats historical activity for 2016 reflects activity for the period beginning January 1, 2016 through December 31, 2016.


(1) Reflects adjustments to reduce Bats historical amortization of acquired intangibles by $24.7 million and increase amortization of acquired intangibles by $168.2 million.


(2) Reflects adjustments to remove acquisition costs as if the acquisition had occurred on January 1, 2016.


(3) Reflects net other income of $16.5 million resulting from interest expense on Cboe debt less Bats historical interest expense.


(4) Reflects adjustment of amortization of purchased intangibles totaling $169.6 million.


(5) Operating margin represents operating income divided by revenue less cost of revenue.


(6) Total non-transaction revenue represents the sum of access fees, exchange services and other fees, market data fees, regulatory fees (net of Section 31 fees) and other revenue.


(7) The percentage of non-transaction revenue represents total non-transaction revenue divided by revenue less cost of revenue.

 

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SOURCE Cboe Global Markets, Inc.


Source: Cboe Global Markets, Inc.